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Cultural Humility and Competence

Cultural Humility and Competence

Cultural humility entails reflection and critique of oneself. It begins with self-cultural assessment and identity before learning about other people’s cultural practices and customs. The knowledge helps to improve relations between a professional and a client. It helps to create a tight-knit fraternity at the workplace. Knowing a community’s cultural healthcare practices is vital for any healthcare service provider who intends to work effectively in that particular community.

This study focuses on Mexican cultural health customs and healthcare practices. The majority Mexican population depicts Hispanic cultural beliefs and customs. A Mexican woman was subjected to an interview to reveal basic information on Mexican healthcare customs. The interviewee identifies herself well with the Hispanic culture. She portrayed a deep understanding of Mexican traditional healthcare practices. The interviewee revealed the Hispanic cultural definition of an illness as discomfort caused by an imbalance between the person’s body and the environment. This changes the spiritual, emotional, and social state of an individual. Based on this perception, illnesses can be classified as either cold or hot. Cold illnesses cause narrowing of the blood vessels, a condition known as vasoconstriction, which results in slow metabolism. Hot illnesses are characterized by dilation of the blood vessels leading to a high rate of metabolism.

There are also folk illnesses like antojitos that can be given cultural remedies. For instance, Hispanics believe that failure to satisfy cravings in an expectant woman can cause harm to the unborn child, which can be genetically manifested. The remedy is the satisfaction of the cravings during pregnancy (Sarmiento et al., 2020).

Many Hispanics prefer institutional healthcare providers to home-based care, while others like to seek the services of traditional healers known as curanderos. The patient’s kin’s religious faith is important in understanding and finding a solution to an illness. A patient’s religious beliefs also play a pivotal role in healthcare. For instance, one can heal rapidly if he/she believes in God. Healthcare is deeply integrated into social networks. People can also seek relief from female neighbors, massage therapists, herbalists, midwives, and friends.

Giving a special diet like chicken soup, tortilla, or a mixture of rice and beans laced with lard to a patient can make him/her feel better. Some Mexican community sections believe in the importance of seeking prenatal care for pregnant mothers, while others perceive pregnancy as a natural process that does not require regular prenatal care. Disease prevention is given little priority in the Hispanic culture. Post-mortem practices are highly discouraged.

Cameron et al. (2017) found that communication also plays a crucial role in Mexican health care. The display of respect is very important in the Hispanic culture (p. 265). Healthcare providers need to address a patient with a lot of respect, which is expressed in greetings. A doctor can get accurate background medical information from a patient through a respectful greeting. A patient’s identity can be confirmed by addressing them by their first name. Healthcare must show etiquette, which calls for a warm welcome, attention, and knowledge of the native language.

Conclusion

From the interview-based case study analysis, it is vivid that competency is dependent on cultural humility. Health care needs a deep understanding of the patient’s cultural background information. This is vital for accurate diagnosis of the client. It ensures the proper treatment of the patient.

References

Cameron, L. D., Durazo, A., Ramirez, A. S., Corona, R., Ultreras, M., & Piva, S. (2017). Cultural and linguistic adaptation of a healthy diet text message intervention for Hispanic adults living in the United States. Journal of health communication, 22(3), 262-273.

Sarmiento, I., Paredes-Solís, S., Loutfi, D., Dion, A., Cockcroft, A., & Andersson, N. (2020). Fuzzy cognitive mapping and soft models of indigenous knowledge on maternal health in Guerrero, Mexico. BMC medical research methodology, 20, 1-16.

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Question 


In this writing assignment, you will conduct an interview with a person from a culture different than your own, giving careful consideration to the concept of cultural humility.

Step 1 Choose a person to interview from a culture different than your own.

Step 2 Use your book or additional resources to research the cultural group’s health practices. Think of questions you want to ask. Select a model of culturally-competent nursing care to guide the development of your questions.

Cultural Humility and Competence

Cultural Humility and Competence

Step 3 Conduct the interview (approximately 15-20 minutes). Be sure to gather information to address the areas in step 4.

Step 4 In a two-three page paper, address the following:

Describe how you used the chosen model of culturally competent nursing care to develop interview questions
Summarize the interview questions used and the answers received, and address the following:
With what culture does the person identify?
How does this person define/perceive health and illness, and how is this affected by his or her culture?
Describe the person’s health maintenance, protection, and restoration traditions and how these have been influenced by culture.
How has language and/or culture impacted:
Access to healthcare
Communication with health care professionals.
Analyze the concept of cultural humility based on the information that you gathered in the Interview.
Step 5 Save and submit your assignment.

When you have completed your assignment, save a copy for yourself in an easily accessible place and submit a copy to your instructor.
Cite any sources in APA format.

See the rubric for the grading details.

Rubric
Week 6 Assignment Rubric
Week 6 Assignment Rubric
Criteria Rating Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome. Describe the nursing models of providing culturally competent care or other considerations you gave during the interview related to the questions you created
10 to >7.0 pts
Excellent
Clearly describes the considerations given during the interview related to the created questions.
7 to >6.0 pts
Needs Some Improvement
Somewhat describes the considerations given during the interview related to the created questions.
6 to >5.0 pts
Needs Significant Improvement
Minimally describes the considerations given during the interview related to the created questions.
5 to >0 pts
Poor
Does not describe the considerations given during the interview related to the created questions. OR is limited in development.
10 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome. Summarize answers to interview questions
15 to >10.0 pts
Excellent
Clearly summarizes answers to interview questions.
10 to >7.0 pts
Needs Some Improvement
Somewhat summarizes answers to interview questions.
7 to >5.0 pts
Needs Significant Improvement
Minimally summarizes answers to interview questions.
5 to >0 pts
Poor
Does not summarize answers to interview questions. OR is limited in development.
15 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome. Analyze the role of cultural humility
15 to >10.0 pts
Excellent
The analysis is complete and demonstrates a clear understanding of the topic.
10 to >7.0 pts
Needs Some Improvement
Analysis is complete but limited
7 to >5.0 pts
Needs Significant Improvement
Superficial analysis of the topic
5 to >0 pts
Poor
Analysis missing or very limited in scope. The topic is not addressed
15 pts
This criterion is linked to Learning Outcome Mechanics and Grammar
5 to >4.0 pts
Excellent
No errors in usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
4 to >2.0 pts
Needs Some Improvement
Minor errors in usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling that do not interfere with reading/understanding.
2 to >1.0 pts
Needs Significant Improvement
Some errors in usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling do not interfere with reading/understanding
1 to >0 pts
Poor
Numerous errors in usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling interfere with reading/understanding
5 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome APA Formatting
5 to >4.0 pts
Excellent
No errors in APA format, including in-text citation(s) and reference page.
4 to >2.0 pts
Needs Some Improvement
Minor errors in APA format, including in-text citation(s) and/or reference page.
2 to >1.0 pts
Needs Significant Improvement
Some errors in APA format, including in-text citation(s) and/or reference pages.
1 to >0 pts
Poor
Numerous errors in APA format, including in-text citation(s) and reference page.
5 pts

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