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Protection of Human Subject Participants in Nursing Research

Protection of Human Subject Participants in Nursing Research

Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt (2019) note that informed consent is the foundation of research ethics. Anyone participating in research must be allowed to give informed consent voluntarily. This should be done after the researcher has explained all the risks and benefits of the research. The participants should not be coerced. It is the ethical duty of the researchers to offer information in a language that the patients can understand to enable them to make a competent, informed decision.

Informed consent requires that the patient is informed of the risks of participating in the research, the benefits, and alternatives to treatment through open and honest communication (Nusbaum et al., 2017). The patient must be competent and have a sound mind to make an informed decision whether they want to participate in the nursing research. The patient views and opinions must be respected, and informed consent must be sought before engaging individuals in any nursing research.

Any clinical trial or research involving human subjects must ensure that they gain informed content from their participants. This ensures that the study is ethically permissible. Nusbaum et al. (2017) that before initiating research, the full details of the research should be presented to the patient to ensure that they give informed consent.  The informed consent should also give the participants the authority to pull out of the research at any moment of the clinical trial, without prior notice to the researchers or any reason at all. In conclusion, the primary objective of informed consent is to protect the rights of the patients. Nursing researchers must thus ensure that they practice the principle of informed consent in any clinical trials involving human subjects.


Melnyk, B., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2019). Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: a guide to best practice (4th ed.). Wolters Kluwer

Nusbaum, L., Douglas, B., Damus, K., Paasche-Orlow, M., & Estrella-Luna, N. (2017). Communicating risks and benefits in informed consent for research: A qualitative study. Global Qualitative Nursing Research4, 233339361773201.


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Protection of Human Subject Participants in Nursing Research

In Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt (2019) textbook Box 23.1 on page 682, select one of the Fifteen Ethical Principles of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.
State the principle and describe the importance of the selected principle to ethical research. In addition, describe how a researcher would ensure that this principle would be protected for human subjects in a research study.

Protection of Human Subject Participants in Nursing Research

Protection of Human Subject Participants in Nursing Research

  • Length: A minimum of 250 words, not including references
  • Citations: At least one high-level scholarly reference in APA format from within the last 5 years

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