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Nursing theory

Nursing theory

Anesthesia as a Form of Pain Management

Anesthesia is administered to reduce pain before, during and after surgery. However, if a nurse anesthetist reduces the recommended dose, the patient will experience extreme pain during and after surgery. Consistently, different types of anesthetics work differently as some numb specific body parts, such as the brain, while others induce sleep. Anesthesia works by blocking the nerves that send pain signals to the brain. Different types of anesthesia are used for varied surgical procedures, including local, regional, general anesthesia and sedation. Local anesthesia numbs a specific body part regionals unconscious to all stimuli, while sedation induces light or deep sleep (Cleveland Clinic, 2021).

Administration of anesthesia entails inhalation of gas, injections, and topical application. The administration process is preceded by various actions such as measuring vital signs and identifying potential problems such as allergies. Monitoring these aspects is important in ensuring that healthcare providers mitigate or prevent the side effects. Local anesthesia is the most common pain management strategy during surgical procedures. Patients remain awake when local anesthesia is administered. The anesthesia’s popularity is due to the ability to reduce false negatives during surgical operations as these false negatives tend to occur in language stimulation. Some of the alarming symptoms that may occur after the administration of anesthesia include slurred speech, numbness or paralysis in certain body parts, trouble swallowing, difficulty in breathing, hives, swelling, or extreme itching (Maria, 2017). These reactions need urgent care from healthcare providers to avoid permanence. Therefore, nurses and other qualified administrators of anesthesia use it for the patient’s benefit, which is pain management. However, monitoring the patient during and after surgery is important to ensure that the negative aspects are managed if they manifest.


Cleveland Clinic. (2021). Anesthesia. Retrieved from

Maria, O. P. (2017). Neuroanesthesia in an Awake Patient in a University Hospital in Latin America: Case Report. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia and Pain Management, 1(1), 27-33.


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Nursing theory

Choose a clinical situation in your specialty and create a theory from your observations. Report the theory to the class. Use a form that clearly identifies your concepts and proposition such as; “psychosocial development (Concept A) progresses through (Proposition) stages (Concept B)”. Identify and define the concepts involved and the proposition between them. For example, a surgical unit nurse may have observed that elevating the head of the bed for an abdominal surgery patient (Concept A) reduces (Proposition) complaints of pain (Concept B). The concepts are the head of the bed and pain. The proposition is that changing one will decrease the other. Raising the head of the bed decreases pain. Use current literature to define your concepts. Each concept should have at least two supporting references

Nursing theory

Nursing theory

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