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Nursing Theory-Watsons caring theory

Nursing Theory-Watsons caring theory

Watson’s theory of care focuses on the relationship between caregivers and patients as well as on the holistic care of patients (Alligood, 2013). Watson’s focus was on caring for human beings. The theory puts an emphasis on caring as the ethical and moral ideal in nursing care. The theorist further argues that caring for humans preserves their relationships, integrity, and dignity. Watson added that patient care recognizes and appreciates the patient as first being a human being who has a body, soul, and mind. Further, she argues that a special bond and trust between a patient and a nurse are created during one-on-one interactions. The theory turns its focus away from assessment of sickness, diagnosis, treatment plan, implementation, and evaluation and instead focuses on healing, spirituality, and caring. The four major concepts of Watson’s theory include nursing, human being, health, and the environment (Wei et al., 2019).

Orem’s theory is categorized into theories of the nursing process, self-care deficit, and self-care (Alligood, 2013). Orem asserted that every person has the ability to maintain and adjust to their own well-being and personal health throughout their lifetime. The theory of self-care deficit points out that every person needs to survive and is capable of attaining it for their own health and life. When an individual is unable to attain their individual needs for survival, then their health deteriorates. Lastly, Orem explained how nurses can help their patients enhance their self-care by teaching them as well as encouraging and supporting their personal development (Hartweg, 2015).

Thus, Watson’s theory and Orem’s theory are similar in their holistic approach to patient care but differ in that the former focuses on relationship building while the latter focuses on the patient as the source of their own wellness and care. When reading the theories, one needs to first understand when and why the theory was created to understand their intentions. By removing oneself from the time and place, a person can have a different understanding.


Alligood, M. R. (2013). Nursing theory-E-book: Utilization & application. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Hartweg, D. L. (2015). Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. Nursing theories and nursing practice, 105-132.

Wei, H., Fazzone, P. A., Sitzman, K., & Hardin, S. R. (2019). The Current Intervention Studies Based on Watson’s Theory of Human Caring: A Systematic Review. International Journal for Human Caring23(1).


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Nursing Theory-Watsons caring theory

Find a concept within Watson’s Theory of Caring and a similar concept within any other nursing theory. Compare the two concepts for similarities and differences. Illustrate how a person reading about a theory can be influenced in their understanding of a theory if they have a different definition of a concept than the author.

Nursing Theory-Watsons caring theory

Nursing Theory-Watsons caring theory

TextbooK: Alligood

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