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Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

Interview Summary

I interviewed Mr. Patrick, the nursing officer in charge of my local hospital. We discussed many issues and problems affecting the quality of health services that they were delivering in their facility and the interdisciplinary actions that the hospital was taking to address the issue. Mr.Patrick highlighted the problems the hospital has been experiencing for a while now. As the nursing officer in charge, he is responsible for overseeing nursing services which involves supervising all nursing staff and ensuring proper medication management. The hospital’s main issue of concern was the accessibility and quality of the health services that they were offering. However, he noted that the hospital’s top management was tirelessly working to ensure that the services provided were uniform and of the highest possible quality.

There was an ongoing collaboration between the nursing practitioners and other health departments, such as radiology and microbiology, to ensure that equality is achieved and everyone can access quality healthcare. They are working to bring in as many departments as possible to develop and implement healthcare policies. A task force team has been formed, and it includes nursing officers, health informaticists, physicians, and pharmacists who will be tasked with coordinating and ensuring improved access to healthcare.

Issue Identification

The disparities in access to healthcare raised by Mr.Patrick may need an evidence-based-interdisciplinary approach. Disparities in healthcare can be defined as certain individuals having more disease burden, high mortality and morbidity rates than other individuals (Ownby et al., 2019). These differences can be due to certain factors and may need clinical research and evidence-based interventions to address this issue. An interdisciplinary approach may also be employed since disparities have always been an issue, and previous interventions were put in place before (Ownby et al., 2019). Hence it is essential to evaluate the previous intervention to see gaps and arrears of improvements. These healthcare access disparities can be an obstacle in achieving quality care since one section of the population will be lagging.

Change Theories That Could Lead to an Interdisciplinary Solution

Change is crucial in any organization since it allows for the growth of the organization. The theory of evolution provides a conceptual framework on how change can be effected in an organization. There has to be a group of people for change and others against the change in every organization. For the change to occur, the proponents must dominate the opponents. The change theory can create an interdisciplinary solution by incorporating both teams’ views on how change can be effected (Qu et al., 2017). The proposals can be collected from all the necessary players, and these suggestions can be useful in coming up with a solution. Lewin’s theory of change can also be relevant in solving the health disparity issue since it mainly involves different team players’ views (Burnes & Bargal, 2017). Thus, the opposing force must first be dominated before coming up with a reasonable solution to the problem. The sources of this information are credible since they are current and have been written by scholars who are appreciated in the medical world.

Leadership Strategies That Could Lead to an Interdisciplinary Solution

Leadership is critical for the development of any viable solution. The leadership strategy adopted should be in line with the solution. Continuous education is a crucial strategy that the team is subjected to, and this ensures that they grow intellectually hence useful in adopting the solution. Quality healthcare delivery requires constant education since new methods keep getting invented (.Price & Reichert, 2017). This leadership strategy can be useful since it will unite all team players and educate them to develop innovative solutions to help solve health discrepancies. Delegation can also be useful since it will empower the team players and boost their confidence, enabling them to develop goal-oriented solutions. These strategies are relevant in interdisciplinary solutions since they enable the team leaders to work with their team members to develop solutions. The source journal is credible since it has a well-detailed literature review, and the author’s credentials are well-indicated.

Collaboration Approaches for Interdisciplinary Teams

The nursing department headed by Mr.Patrick has collaborated with other hospital departments to solve health disparities. This has been useful in developing and implementing solutions to ensure equal access to healthcare services. The success of the collaboration is dependent on the type of leadership approach taken. One of the approaches that can be taken is transformational leadership, where the leader works with the team members by encouraging, inspiring, and motivating them to come up with solutions (Galli, (2019). Disparities in healthcare can be associated with social class and ethnic differences. When the team leader appeals to their junior officers, the team feels respected and appreciated, and hence an interdisciplinary solution can be developed and implemented.

Collaboration can be defined as working together with different individuals to achieve a common goal. Thus transformational leadership can effectively bring people with different thoughts together. This will enable everyone to voice their opinions without any fear. The source of information is credible since it is from a scholarly journal published by a reputable publisher. The information in the journal is also relevant to the issue under this section of the discussion.

References

Burnes, B., & Bargal, D. (2017). Kurt Lewin: 70 years on. Journal of Change Management17(2), 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1080/14697017.2017.1299371

Galli, B. J. (2019). A shared leadership approach to transformational leadership theory: Analysis of research methods and philosophies. In Scholarly Ethics and Publishing: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 751-790). IGI Global.https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-8057-7.ch038

Ownby, R. L., Acevedo, A., & Waldrop-Valverde, D. (2019). Enhancing the impact of mobile health literacy interventions to reduce health disparities. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/5j2m6

Price, S., & Reichert, C. (2017). The importance of continuing professional development to career satisfaction and patient care: meeting the needs of novice to mid-to late-career nurses throughout their career span. Administrative Sciences7(2), 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci7020017

Qu, C., Ligneul, R., Van der Henst, J. B., & Dreher, J. C. (2017). An integrative interdisciplinary perspective on social dominance hierarchies. Trends in cognitive sciences21(11), 893-908.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2017.08.004

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Question 


Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

For this assessment, you will create a 2-4 page report on an interview you have conducted with a health care professional. You will identify an issue from the interview that could be improved with an interdisciplinary approach, and review best practices and evidence to address the issue.

As a baccalaureate-prepared nurse, your participation and leadership in interdisciplinary teams will be vital to the
health outcomes for your patients and organization. One way to approach designing an improvement project is to
use the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement describes it thus:

The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle is shorthand for testing a change in the real work setting—by planning
it, trying it, observing the results, and acting on what is learned. This is the scientific method adapted for
action-oriented learning…Essentially, the PDSA cycle helps you test out change ideas on a smaller scale
before evaluating the results and making adjustments before potentially launching into a somewhat larger
scale project (n.d.).

Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

You might also recognize that the PDSA cycle resembles the nursing process. The benefit of gaining experience with this model of project design is that it provides nurses with an opportunity to ideate and lead improvements. For this assessment, you will not be implementing all of the PDSA cycle. Instead, you are being asked to interview a health care professional of your choice to determine what kind of interdisciplinary problem he or she is experiencing or has experienced in the workplace. This interview, in Assessment 2, will inform the research that you will conduct to propose a plan for interdisciplinary collaboration in Assessment 3.

It would be an excellent choice to complete the PDSA Cycle activity prior to developing the report. The activity
consists of four questions that create the opportunity to check your understanding of best-practices related to each stage of the PDSA cycle. The information gained from completing this formative will promote your success with the Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification report. This will take just a few minutes of your time and is not graded.

Reference

  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (n.d.). How to improve. Retrieved from
    http://www.ihi.org/resources/Pages/HowtoImprove/default.aspx

Demonstration of Proficiency

  • Competency 2: Explain how interdisciplinary collaboration can be used to achieve desired patient and systems outcomes.
    • Summarize an interview focused on past or current issues at a health care organization.
    • Describe collaboration approaches from the literature that could be relevant in establishing or improving an interdisciplinary team to address an organizational issue.
  • Competency 3: Describe ways to incorporate evidence-based practice within an interdisciplinary team.
    • Identify an issue from an interview for which an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach would be appropriate.
  • Competency 4: Explain how change management theories and leadership strategies can enable interdisciplinary teams to achieve specific organizational goals.
    • Describe change theories and a leadership strategy that could help develop an interdisciplinary solution to an organizational issue.
  • Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly, evidence-based communication strategies to impact patient, interdisciplinary team, and systems outcomes.
    • Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions; contains few errors in grammar/punctuation, word choice, and spelling.
    • Apply APA formatting to in-text citations and references, exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.

Professional Context

Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

Interview and Interdisciplinary Issue Identification

This assessment will introduce the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) Model to create change in an organization. By interviewing a colleague of your choice, you will begin gathering information about an interprofessional collaboration problem that your colleague is experiencing or has experienced. You will identify a change theory and leadership strategies to help solve this problem.

Scenario

This assessment is the first of three related assessments in which you will gather interview information (Assessment 2); design a proposal for interdisciplinary problem-solving, (Assessment 3); and report on how an interdisciplinary improvement plan could be implemented in a place of practice (Assessment 4). At the end of the course, your interviewee will have a proposal plan based on the PDSA cycle that he or she could present to stakeholders to address an interdisciplinary problem in the workplace.

For this assessment, you will need to interview a health care professional such as a fellow learner, nursing colleague, administrator, business partner, or another appropriate person who could provide you with sufficient information regarding an organizational problem that he or she is experiencing or has experienced, or an area where they are seeking improvements. Consult the Interview Guide [DOCX] for an outline of how to prepare and the types of information you will need to complete this project successfully.

Remember: this is just the first in a series of three assessments.

Instructions

For this assessment, you will report on the information that you collected in your interview, analyzing the interview data and identifying a past or current issue that would benefit from an interdisciplinary approach. This could be an issue that has not been addressed by an interdisciplinary approach or one that could benefit from improvements related to the interdisciplinary approach currently being used. You will discuss the interview strategy that you used to collect information. Your interview strategy should be supported by citations from the literature. Additionally, you will start laying the foundation for your Interdisciplinary Plan Proposal (Assessment 3) by researching potential change theories, leadership strategies, and collaboration approaches that could be relevant to issue you have identified. Please be certain to review the scoring guide to confirm specific required elements of this assessment. Note that there are differences between basic, proficient and distinguished scores.

When submitting your plan, use the Interview and Issue Identification Template [DOCX], which will help you to stay organized and concise. As you complete the template, make sure you use APA format for in-text citations for the evidence and best practices that are informing your plan, as well as for the reference list at the end.

Additionally, be sure to address the following, which corresponds to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Please study the scoring guide carefully so you understand what is needed for a distinguished score.

  • Summarize an interview focused on past or current issues at a health care organization.
  • Identify an issue from an interview for which an evidence-based interdisciplinary approach would be appropriate.
  • Describe potential change theories and a leadership strategies that could inform an interdisciplinary solution to an organizational issue.
  • Describe collaboration approaches from the literature that could facilitate establishing or improving an interdisciplinary team to address an organizational issue.
  • Communicate with writing that is clear, logically organized, and professional, with correct grammar and spelling, and using current APA style.

Additional Requirements

  • Length of submission: Use the provided template. Most submissions will be 2 to 4 pages in length. Be sure to include a reference page at the end of the plan.
  • Number of references: Cite a minimum of 3 sources of scholarly or professional evidence that support your central ideas. Resources should be no more than 5 years old.
  • APA formatting: Make sure that in-text citations and reference list follow current APA style.

Portfolio Prompt: Remember to save the final assessment to your ePortfolio so that you may refer to it as you complete the final Capstone course.

SCORING GUIDE

  • Use the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.

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