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Externalizing Disorders

Externalizing Disorders

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) remains a psychological health challenge that has become the most commonly diagnosed condition. The World Health Organization(WHO) declares that more than 12% of children have received an ADHD diagnosis (Banaschewski, 2015). The disorder is neurobehavioral and pigeonholed by impulsiveness, hyperactivity, and lack of attention. The disorder is most likely to appear early in the lifecycle displaying signs of failure to control actions in certain situations. Also, kids with ADHD have extreme difficulty getting along with their friends and establishing lifelong connections due to the intrusiveness and aggressiveness that result due to the disorder. This paper discusses some commonly followed treatments for ADHD that have not been scientifically substantiated and Non- Pharmacological treatments recommended for ADHD.

ADHD treatments not Scientifically Substantiated

There is a second method that doctors follow, occasionally to cut short the lengthier, more conventional approach. Recommended treatments are based on ideas outside of traditional knowledge. These unusual treatments generally claim success for an extensive array of challenges. When queried for evidence to back these assertions, protagonists cannot produce more than flimsy documentation. Among the best-known controversial treatment is dietary intervention. Dietary intervention proponents have made dramatic claims over the years.

According to them, an additive-free diet will improve most children’s attention and learning difficulties. They described case studies in which children were able to avoid drug therapy if their diet was followed. Despite the popularity of dietary interventions, limited studies have been conducted. Megavitamins are also another controversial method of ADHD treatment. In the late 1960s, proponents claimed that treating hyperactive kids with high quantities of vitamins could lessen their complications (Brown & Gerbarg, 2012). Advocates of this notion also state that learning problems are also due to a lack of minerals such as sodium. However, there is an absence of scientific proof to back these claims.

Consequently, other people have claimed that inner ear problems cause ADHD. They believe that there is a correlation between ADHD and difficulties with stability and coordination. They have suggested anti-motion medications to treat ADHD. Proponents of this theory claim a 90 percent success rate. (Hiscock & Sciberras, 2019). However, these results are not published and hence unjustified. Others have claimed that yeast infection treatment can be used. They claim that yeast toxins weaken the immune system. This predisposes the body to ADHD. The treatment is intended to prevent yeast development in the body. They have also advocated for other treatments, such as Biofeedback, bone alignment, eye training, and chiropractic adjustments, but these methods have not been scientifically proven.

Non- pharmacological Treatments that I Would Recommend for ADHD

Non- pharmacological treatments that I would recommend are parent training, peer interventions, classroom management interventions, and physiological interventions. Parent training offers education to increase their understanding of ADHD, child development, and behavioral problems. This training also helps them employ constructive parenting tactics and lessen disruptive behaviors. Treatment often comprises seven to ten-week sessions and has resulted in parent satisfaction and improved child conducts. NICE guidelines recommend that health practitioners refer parents of younger children for training in behavior analysis. They also recommend that parent training in behavior treatment be tried before prescribing ADHD treatment.

Classroom management centers on methods to develop classroom routine and structure, a symbolic economy to form progressive actions and a regular interactive report card to observe development and deliver feedback to the youngster and parent. NICE and AAP guidelines recommend that school programs be a part of the ADHD treatment plan. They also recommend teacher-administered behavior rehabilitation as a treatment for school-going kids with ADHD.

Peer intervention includes social abilities, exercise, and adult-mediated relations to develop social behaviors. A study done by (Gopalan & Global, 2021) concluded that peer interventions enhanced connections between peers and also helped improve social proficiency. NICE guidelines recommend that ADHD children be incorporated into peer intervention programs to help in their social life.

Physiological interventions can also help treat ADHD. They are regular physical activity. Guidelines from NICE and the US Department of Health recommend that school-going kids be active regularly. Physical activity not only does it improve well-being but it also helps increase cognitive function.

References

Banaschewski, T. (2015). ADHD and hyperkinetic disorder

 Brown, R. P., & Gerbarg, P. L. (2012). Non-drug treatments for ADHD: New options for kids, adults, and clinicians.

In Gopalan, R. T., & IGI Global,. (2021). New developments in diagnosing, assessing, and treating ADHD.

In Hiscock, H., & In Sciberras, E. (2019). Sleep and ADHD: An evidence-based guide to assessment and treatment.

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Question 


In a well-written discussion post, address the following:

Some commonly followed treatments for ADHD have not been scientifically substantiated, including restricted or modified diets, treatments for allergies, treatment for inner ear problems, treatments for yeast infections, megavitamins, chiropractic adjustment and bone alignment, eye training, special-colored glasses, and biofeedback.

Externalizing Disorders

Externalizing Disorders

Discuss four non-pharmacological treatments that you would recommend for ADHD.  Use the clinical guidelines to support your response.

 Submission Instructions:

At least 500 words ( 2 complete pages of content) formatted and cited in current APA style 7 ed with support from at least 3 academic sources, which need to be journal articles or books from 2019 up to now. NO WEBSITES allowed for a reference entry. Include doi, page numbers, etc. Plagiarism must be less than 10%.

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