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Evaluating Use of Literature and Problem Statement

Evaluating the Use of Literature and Problem Statement

Part of the research process involves not only developing an original research problem that can withstand academic scrutiny but also conducting a review of the literature and similar research problem statements that have already been published. When reading an article like the one written by Spencer et al. (2011), one must take a critical approach to the article’s content, frameworks, and findings. Looking at other articles on the subject of study proves important to discussing analysis later in terms of what value and validity the new study represents to the community it serves as the researcher forms a new, original project into place. There are several tests that can be used to determine how important the article is to the existing literature as an expert and how valuable it is to future application.

Spencer et al. (2011) identify the problem statement and crux of reviewing the healthcare environment in terms of effectiveness in how patients with diabetes are treated within specific demographic populations. The study considers cultural needs as a way for healthcare professionals to remain effective in treatment. The framework employs literature to develop the problem statement, which is then aligned with theory-based interventions for healthcare providers to use as tools to stay effective and proactive as they seek bonds with patients to develop treatment strategies. The application of theory can help to solidify and frame the need for future research into how healthcare workers perceive the use of culture as a variable in care. The logic remains in place where the more Spencer et al. (2011) concretely provide a rationale for the study through theories and models, and their findings are sound. The purpose of presenting the literature is to lay the groundwork for aligning questioning and the purpose of their approach in situations where gaps are identified, or results are further tested in terms of taking patient care to the next level of perception. Giving the tools to the healthcare worker also supports the theory’s application as a best practice for care delivery. The problem statement’s strength remains in how exploring it as a question has merit to effectiveness. A review of existing literature to demonstrate the need for additional research will be part of developing strong problem statements. The issue of culture and its influence on healthcare practices, particularly in specific demographics where diseases such as diabetes are prevalent, calls into question the need to investigate the link between the patient’s culture and the effectiveness of his or her treatment.

Further tests of the article use Litmus to determine the feasibility of the study. Spencer et al. (2011) provide specific evidence to support the need for understanding how culture influences effective practices, and these examples are also supported by previous literature. Spencer et al. (2011, p. 2253), for example, discuss the REACH Project from Detroit and trial experimentation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about how to design intervention strategies for specific demographic populations. Furthermore, based on this evidence of need, Litmus suggests that the connection between evaluating culture as a variable for intervention must be an original idea. With the correlation between the REACH Project and CDC findings, the foundation for further research into the relationship between demographics and how health care is delivered as a result of intervention and actions on the part of healthcare professionals remains important. The study demonstrates credibility because it can return to the inquiry because it is founded on experimentation and scientific trials.


Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks: Sage publications.

Newman, B. M., & Newman, P. R. (2017). Development through life: A psychosocial approach. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Spencer, M. S., Rosland, A. M., Kieffer, E. C., Sinco, B. R., Valerio, M., Palmisano, G., . . . & Heisler, M. (2011). Effectiveness of a community health worker intervention among African American and Latino adults with type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Public Health, 101(12), 2253–2260. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2010.300106


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Researchers use scholarly literature for various purposes in their work, such as but not limited to, establishing the need for and importance of their study or describing a theory. The problem statement is typically tied to the literature, and for this reason, these two components of research are presented together this week; this connection among research components will be a recurring theme throughout this course.

Evaluating Use of Literature and Problem Statement

Evaluating the Use of Literature and Problem Statement

For this Discussion, you will evaluate the use of literature and problem statements in assigned journal articles in your discipline to understand what it means for a research study to be justified, grounded, and original. You will use the Use of Literature Checklist, the Problem Statement Checklist, and the Litmus Test as guides for your post.

With these thoughts in mind, refer to the Journal Articles document for your assigned articles for this Discussion. If your last name starts with A through L, use Article A. If your last name starts with M through Z, use Article B. Follow the prompt below for your program. I NEED TO USE ARTICLE A!!!!!!





Post a critique of the research study in which you:

  • Evaluate the authors’ use of literature.
  • Evaluate the research problem.
  • Explain what it means for a research study to be justified and grounded in the literature; then, explain what it means for a problem to be original.

The Use of Literature Checklist and Problem Statement Checklist serve as guides for your evaluations. Please do not respond to the checklists in a Yes/No format in writing your Discussion post.

Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.

Post a critique of the research study in which you:

  • Evaluate the author’s use of literature using the Use of Literature Checklist as a guide.
  • Evaluate the problem using the Problem Statement Checklist as a guide.
  • Explain what it means for a research study to be justified and grounded in the literature; then, explain what it means for a problem to be original using the Litmus Test as a guide


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