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Conceptual, Theoretical, Empirical Model

Conceptual, Theoretical, Empirical Model

The Concept component of this theory is the administration of anesthesia. The theoretical component refers to pain management during and after surgery, while the empirical component refers to surgical patients. The administration of anesthesia is a medical practice that holds great significance to patients who require such medication. Its importance to the medical industry cannot be undermined, considering the effect it has on the lives of patients. There are different types of anesthesia that are recommended for different parts of the body. The different types of anesthesia include local, regional, general anesthesia, and sedation. Local anesthesia numbs a specific body part, regional anesthesia causes unconsciousness to all stimuli, while sedation induces light or deep sleep. Different anesthesia is used for varied surgical procedures (Cleveland Clinic, 2021). The methods of administration also vary and can be injected, applied topically, or inhaled.

The theoretical component in the theory refers to the management of pain during and after surgical procedures. Different anesthesia reduces pain in the body variably. The anesthetist’s role is to identify the most appropriate anesthesia based on the planned procedure. The patient does not experience pain during surgery. The pain is experienced after the medication begins to wear off. Therefore, the medication enables surgeons to conduct their job and increase the patient’s comfort during the procedure.

The empirical component refers to the patients who undergo surgical procedures for various reasons. Different patients have varying anesthetic needs, demographic characteristics, and illnesses. The administration process is preceded by various actions such as measuring the vital signs and identifying potential problems such as allergies. Monitoring these aspects is important in ensuring that health care providers mitigate or prevent the side effects  (Maria, 2017).


Cleveland Clinic. (2021). Anesthesia. Retrieved from

Maria, O. P. (2017). Neuroanesthesia in an Awake Patient in a University Hospital in Latin America: Case Report. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia and Pain Management, 1(1), 27-33.


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Conceptual, Theoretical, Empirical Model

Use the theory that you developed in week two. Improve it by using the information you have obtained in the intervening weeks. Use the Conceptual – Theoretical – Empirical Model (CTE) to link the operational definitions with the empirical indicators with the theoretical concepts and the conceptual model components. Post your revised theory and explain how you would measure the concepts and proposition in a research study.

Conceptual, Theoretical, Empirical Model

Conceptual, Theoretical, Empirical Model

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