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Career Counseling Theory Case Study

Career Counseling Theory Case Study

Taneka, a high school junior, is this paper’s ultimate focus. She is also a 17-year-old of African American descent who lives in a single-parent home with two other siblings. As the eldest sibling, she demonstrates traits of responsibility. Taneka’s responsibility traits have made her an accountable, cultivated, dependable, and natural leader. Taneka’s siblings, however, are now older, and she no longer bears responsibility for them. Since that has been the case, she has been looking for work outside the home. Taneka has demonstrated great accomplishment and potential in her new job, and her boss has already noticed her progression and social skills at work and has suggested that she consider participating in the employee leadership training program.

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Taneka appears to be upbeat but also concerned about her future and what it holds. Her anxiety stems from her ability to achieve specific goals and opportunities, such as attending college. College seemed unattainable to her due to her 2.0 GPA, financial constraints, being the first in her family to attend college, and her lack of involvement in school extracurriculars or sports activities. Taneka never imagined a future that included college as a possibility or an option to consider, but now more information is available, and answers to her questions about her future can be provided.

Identification of Theories

The Person-in-Environment theory is applicable in this instance (PIE). Using the PIE theory will help focus attention on Taneka’s circumstantial communication throughout her life (Zunker, 2016) to consider how her views on her future and career have evolved and what environmental constructs have influenced her career development. Einstein is uploading up to get together with. She can now consider her future and how her previous obligations shaped who she is today and helped her be an asset in the workplace. She has developed essential life skills by having responsibilities such as caring for her siblings, which has provided her with the means or goods to receive a significant work review from her boss.

Taneka’s therapist plays a vital role in assisting and producing an awareness of her assets and how her experiences resulted in positive attributes. Taneka can explore future possibilitiesusly thought to be unattainable due to socioeconomic factors as the therapists guide her (Ward et al., 2013; Hoyt & Pat, 2001). According to Zunker (2016), much of Taneka’s apprehension stems from PIE encounters rather than her inward trepidation. Taneka’s enthusiasm and what she said when she was ready to determine what is out there for her demonstrate this, and it is the therapist’s responsibility to ensure Taneka is knowledgeable and educated on all the available programs, as well as advocate on behalf of the client (Hoyt & Pat, 2001). Advocating can be demonstrated by forming partnerships with community agencies and colleges that focus on the academic challenges that young African Americans face due to socioeconomic factors (Ward et al., 2013). Using the PIE theory can assist a client in determining which environmental and socioeconomic factors in their life have resulted in defective thinking and in modifying that reasoning (Zunker, 2016).

Taneka’s defective thinking stemmed only from what she perceived to be her boundaries that would affect future possibilities, and it is the therapist’s responsibility to advocate, encourage, inform, and assist Taneka to become aware that any objectives she pursues can be attained.

With faith, anything is possible, and assistance to inspire, advocate, and educate can give people the tools to achieve their goals. In the case of Taneka, applying the PIE theory results in a comprehensive and stable concept. But, as with any theory used in a case involving a variety of situations, it is the counselor’s ethical responsibility to be a creative and critical thinker, employing an ‘out of the box’ approach to assist the client in answering many unanswered questions (Habbal & Habbal, 2016).

Theory’s Potential Pitfalls

One of the difficulties with the PIE theory is that it is rigidly followed without considering that career development is ever-changing and includes intricate influences. Careers in a person’s life can often take on unplanned and fortuitous events (Bright & Pryor, 2005). Even though the PIE theory can meet Taneka’s needs, it may not meet the needs of other clients with different backgrounds. It may not be a perfect predictor of whether or not the career suggestions given will be appropriate (Bright & Prior, 2015).


As stated by Pope, Briddick, and Wilson, career advice provides clients the opportunity to understand and explore their objectives as they develop in their careers and personally and discover ways to accomplish and remain committed until the specific goals are met (2013). As in Taneka’s case, different career approaches may not work as well as others because each client is unique and has unique experiences. However, the success of the theory and methods depends on the counselor’s expertise and proficiency. There are advantages and disadvantages to every method used by a therapist. As a result, a counselor must have strong competency and knowledge to incorporate diverse approaches that are better suited and appropriate for each client.

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Bright, J. E. H., & Pryor, R. G. L. (2005). The chaos theory of careers: A user’s guide. The Career Development Quarterly, 53(4), 291-305. Retrieved from accountid=27965

Habbal, Y., & Habbal, H. B. (2016). Identifying Aspects Concerning Ethics in Career Counseling: Review on the ACA Code of Ethics. International Journal of Business & Public Administration, 13(2), 115-124.

Hoyt, K. B., & Pat, N. W. (2001). Knowledge-information-service era changes in work and education and the changing role of the school counselor in career education. The Career Development Quarterly, 49(3), 238-249. Retrieved from url= accountid=27965

Pope, M., Briddick, W. C., & Wilson, F. (2013). The historical importance of social justice in founding the national career development association. The Career Development Quarterly, 61(4), 368–373. Retrieved from url= accountid=27965

Ward, N. L., Strambler, M. J., & Linke, L. H. (2013). Increasing educational attainment among urban minority youth: A model of the university, school, and community partnerships. The Journal of Negro Education, 82(3), 312-325,356-358. Retrieved from

Zunker, V. G. (2016). Career counseling: A holistic approach (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.


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Career Counseling Theory Case Study.

For this assignment, you will demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of career counseling theory by choosing a theory addressed in Units 1 or 2 and applying it to the case study provided below. Approach the case study from the perspective of your specialization (for example, mental health counseling, school counseling, et cetera). You can embellish the case scenario to help complete the assignment.

Career Counseling Theory Case Study

Career Counseling Theory Case Study


Taneka, a 17-year-old African-American female, is a high school junior. She is the oldest of three siblings living with her single-parent mother. Her mother has worked for the past 15 years at a manufacturing plant. Her father has not been a part of Taneka’s life.

As the oldest child, Taneka has held major responsibilities throughout her life to support her working mother, such as caring for her younger siblings: Derrick, now age 14, and Kenya, age 12. These early duties reinforced development of her natural leadership skills. Taneka has been recognized from an early age for being mature, responsible, and dependable. As her siblings have grown, she has been able to have part-time jobs, most recently as a salesperson at a teen fashion store in the local mall. It was here that she first realized she had a knack for dealing with people, and they responded well to her—employers, co-workers, and customers alike. She was recently approached by her supervisor to consider participating in the company’s employee leadership training program.

This has caused Taneka to start thinking about post-secondary education possibilities. Previously she had thought college was out of her reach, due to the limited financial resources of her family and no history of anyone in her family ever attending college. As such, she had not previously given much importance to her grades. Rather than participating in extracurricular school activities, she focused on working. She is on track for graduating with her class next year and has a current grade point average of 2.05.

Taneka is now questioning her previous assumption about college or other post-secondary educational possibilities, but she does not have a clear idea of what she would like to pursue as a career. Choosing a career and a post-secondary program to prepare for it, seeking financial support, and navigating the admissions procedure all remain mysteries to her.

In your paper, address the following:

  • Argue for one relevant theory to be applied to the scenario. Note: Appropriate career counseling theories include, but are not limited to, Holland, Super, Krumboltz, Gottfredson, Social Cognitive Theory, and Person-Environment-Fit.
  • Identify the theory you chose and provide a rationale for why you chose this career theory.
  • Describe the key components of your chosen career counseling theoretical framework.
  • Analyze any challenges you might have applying this theory to the case.
  • Propose possible approaches for addressing the challenges you identified.
  • Be sure to include research findings supporting your use of this theory (Include at least one supporting reference not provided in this course).

Your assignment should be 4–5 pages long and include at least three references, including your text. Be sure to indicate your specialization in your paper. Review the Career Counseling Theory Case Study Scoring Guide to understand the grading expectations for this assignment.

I have attached the required format.

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